Biology

Difference between hormones and enzymes

Main difference

In our body there are two types of exocrine glands and endocrine glands. They produce two different types of chemical compounds called hormones and enzymes. An extremely discriminatory catalyst that drives the speed and specificity of a metabolic reaction in a body is called enzymes, while on the other hand hormones are chemicals produced by the gland or a cell in a part of the body to perform the function that sends the message to another part of the body.

What are hormones?

The most basic functions of the body are regulated by the endocrine system. The endocrine glands produce hormones. They are produced by specialized glands. There are eight different types of glands. The endocrine system constantly secretes a liquid chemical messenger called hormones. These hormones also control growth and development, metabolism, reproduction, and mood. They can be chemically composed of lipids or proteins. Endocrine hormones such as reproductive estrogen or testosterone have a lipid structure, while there may be proteins such as insulin. An example is insulin produced by the pancreas. Insulin is secreted directly into the blood. It occurs when the level of glucose in the blood is too high. Insulin is responsible for the absorption of glucose by the cell. This stabilizes the amount of sugar in the blood and also maintains adequate energy in a cell. In short, there are keys for specific tissues, and once recognized, they tell the tissue to perform the task.

What is Enzymes?

Enzymes are proteins that any living organism produces. They are called biological catalysts. It means that they can speed up a chemical reaction. In general, they are produced by exocrine glands and their main function includes digestion. In digestion they help break down large molecules found in food such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins into a smaller molecule, easily absorbed by the villi, such as sugars, amino acids and fatty acids. They also convert the molecule into energy that we need. For example, an enzyme called amylase is responsible for breaking down carbohydrates into glucose. Enzymes are also used in beer and cheese making. Follow a lock key hypothesis. Enzymes works by using complementary shapes, that is, two shapes that fit together. An enzyme has an active site that adapts to the substrate and forms the product. But nevertheless,

Key differences
  1. The enzyme acts in the same place as the source, while the hormones travel from one place to another through the blood.
  2. Enzymes are biological catalysts, whereas hormones are not.
  3. All enzymes are protein in nature, while hormones can be polypeptides, steroids, terpenoids, or amines.
  4. Enzymes can be reused in a chemical reaction, whereas hormones cannot
  5. The enzymes do not change at the end of the reaction while the hormones participate in a reaction by changing their shape.
  6. Enzymes have a large molecular weight while hormones have a lower molecular weight.
  7. Enzymes do not diffuse through the cell membrane whereas hormones do.
  8. Enzymes act intercellularly or carried by channels, while hormones do not have channels and are transported through the blood.
  9. Enzymes are short and fast acting complete hormones, they are fast acting and long acting.
  10. The enzyme catalyzes the reversible reaction, whereas a hormone does not.
  11. At the end of the reaction, the enzyme does not change, while the hormones participate in a reaction and have irreversible changes.

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