Although in many countries of the world they are just beginning to enjoy the advantages offered by the 4G generation in communications, and even some still only have infrastructure for 2G and 3G, the truth is that the industry does not stop, since the Short-term plans are to replace this mobile phone standard with the so-called 5G, more capable and faster than the previous one. Although it is already in operation in some countries, such as Uruguay, the United States and South Korea, the truth is that it is expected to be standardized for the rest of the world by 2020, as it is in full swing.
The fact of replacing a proven communication technology such as 4G with a completely new standard, but at the same time compatible with the previous one, and which represents an unparalleled advance in the speed it allows to achieve and its response capacity, clearly indicates that the market of mobile telephony has grown in recent years, which translates into a greater need for performance for the uses that users make of devices such as smartphones, tablets and laptops.
Fortunately, this need for better conditions to communicate, that is, greater bandwidth and therefore upload and download speed, is gradually being covered by the implementation of 5G mobile technology, with which users who make a Strong use of the mobile Internet connection for their daily work, something so important today, they will be able to enjoy ever greater advantages, such as using apps that require the synchronization of large amounts of data.
That the different communications sectors have taken such an important step means a substantial change in communications, both for companies and for basic telephony customers at a regional level but also on a global scale, since less time to exchange data means less rate. So radical is the change of the communications standard to 5G that it will mark a before and after in communications. That is why in this post we will find all the information about 5G mobile technology and its scope and advantages for the basic user and companies.
What is 5G Internet?
Basically, 5G technology is a communications standard that will allow us to have a much faster connection on our portable devices than with the current 4G standard. This means that 5G offers a connection 10 times faster than 4G. This impressive transmission speed will give us the possibility of, for example, downloading a document or video in high resolution in a few seconds, instead of minutes as with 4G technology.
These data are in theory, since later in their use, these speeds are reduced for different technical reasons, but in the same way they are still really impressive metrics.
The additional performance that 5G offers us will allow all the services that are carried out through a mobile connection to run much faster and also much more reliably, since the system is able to accept that more people connect to the network simultaneously. devices.
Another feature that will allow 5G is the intensive use of other devices that also require some type of connection to the network to work. Such is the case of the sensors used in home automation or the Internet of things. Before 5G this was practically impossible, but with the higher bandwidth that this technology offers, all kinds of devices such as smart cars, thermostats and other home automation sensors can be connected to the network without problems .
This is the great difference between the generations of 5G and 4G mobile phone technologies, the 4G network does not have enough bandwidth to support all the data that these devices are capable of transmitting.
Another advantage that networks offer is the reduction of latency, that is to say that the time it takes for devices and servers to interconnect will be reduced to practically zero, which is more than important for certain technologies such as cars that are driven alone, since these types of vehicles require seamless and uninterrupted communication between the car itself, the sensors it uses and the data centers that process that information.
However, all the practicality and effectiveness of this technology comes at a price, the radio waves used in the 5G spectrum are of very high frequency, which means that although they can travel at much higher speeds and offer much more bandwidth. Because they are precisely high frequency, they require a more complex antenna infrastructure than 4G, which may even require the installation of antennas even separated by a few meters. This is because high-frequency transmissions are unable to penetrate solid obstacles such as walls, as well as not having a good range over long distances.
5G internet technology
There is no doubt that one of the most important characteristics within the platform of the fifth generation of the mobile communications standard resides in the fact that 5G will use multiple input and multiple output technology, also known as MIMO, which basically makes use of of a set of small antennas that allow each data stream to be managed individually.
In this way, each of the connected users is served by a separate antenna, which of course directly redounds to the efficiency of the service, since it ultimately helps to alleviate the inconveniences of saturation of the radio spectrum available to all users. connected devices.
To this fact we must add the development that all companies have achieved based on 5G technology, developing very effective solutions to solve the different problems that wireless connections had in the past.
With the advent of 5G, and the high operating frequency that characterizes this mobile phone standard, all these problems that we mentioned earlier in this post could be aggravated, but thanks to joint development work, the most important problems have been able to be solved, with which the signals can more effectively overcome all obstacles and follow their path effectively.
Ultimately, these solutions allow the end user to have a much more efficient and faster service than current 4G communications technology.
In general terms, what mainly characterizes 5G is its speed, so compared to current technologies it proves to be vastly superior, with connection speeds that so far have proven to be between 30 to 50 times faster than 4G.
As an example, suppose that we download a movie from the Internet in high definition format but compressed in some kind of HD ripping, that is to say that the file has an approximate size of 1GB. In theory with 4G technology it would take around 7 to 10 minutes to download it, while with a 5G network, the same movie could be downloaded in around 20 seconds or even in less time.
According to some analysis and evaluations of 5G technology, this platform has allowed us to reach speeds of up to 1 Terabit per second (Tbps), which is obviously enough for what we mentioned above, that is, to give us the possibility of downloading movies in some cases in less than a second. For the comparison, let’s take into account that the fourth generation is much slower, since it reaches only 15 Megabits per second (Mbps).
With the arrival of this technology, and its speed, the mobile data market will become the great star of the next few years , so the massification of smartphones and tablets will be even higher than the current one, since in addition the technology 5G will allow connections that were previously unthinkable.
Such is the case of the application of home automation, and the possibility of implementing the internet of things without major inconveniences, since one of the advantages that 5G has is that it is capable of supporting this type of platforms, which are impossible to implement. Specify with the current 4G networks, which, for example, are not capable of supporting large-scale internet of things systems.
According to the theory around the fifth generation, it could manage connections between 7 billion devices, a figure that almost makes us think of science fiction, but which is very real. At the same time, 5G networks will save up to 90 percent of energy consumption compared to 4G and 3G, so it will not only be more energy efficient, but also much more environmentally friendly.
On the other hand, another of the great advantages of 5G technology is that the platform has been built under the premise that it can support and handle all types of traffic at the same time with extremely low latency. This represents a great benefit for portable devices, smart home equipment, and even for vehicles that we will see in the near future, where everything will depend on your internet connection.
Implementation of 5G Internet networks
As we mentioned at the beginning of this post, telecommunications companies are in the full stage of development and field tests for the implementation of 5G networks in most countries of the world, in order to be able to provide the user with a more service efficient and with better speed.
However, the industry must face some remaining obstacles to overcome the challenge, and thus make 5G technology a daily reality around the world.
Among these obstacles, issues related to spectrum availability must be resolved, for example, since we take into account that the spectrum range assigned to 5G will ultimately determine the speed of future networks based on this technology . Therefore, for companies to be able to provide 5G networks with high speeds, they will need to use much more bandwidth.
Another challenge that companies will have to face will focus on being able to make 5G technology truly inclusive, that is, it can handle the different types of traffic today, since one of the objectives to be achieved with the fifth generation is that This type of network can be accessed through any device, not only traditional computers and / or laptop-type PCs, or smartphones, tablets and others, but also that it can be applied to equipment such as wireless virtual glasses, without generating problems latency.
In short, the truth is that the benefits that 5G technology can have are almost infinite, everything will depend on the advances in the field of electronics going hand in hand, which will undoubtedly happen, so the fifth generation It will soon revolutionize the telecommunications industry, and at the same time it will enable new innovations.
Differences between 4G and 5G
Basically, the differences between 4G and 5G mobile communication technologies are bandwidth, radio spectrum, operation, and of course speed, an aspect to which the other conditions mentioned are closely linked.
The most marked differences of 5G technology are, for example, that this standard makes use of exclusive radio frequencies for that range. In this way, better benefits are obtained, since as we know the radioelectric spectrum is divided into bands, and according to the operating frequency, it offers different characteristics.
In 4G mobile networks, frequencies below 6 GHz are used, unlike the high operating frequencies of 5G, in a range of 30 GHz to 300 GHz, depending on the case. This high operating frequency allows data traffic at a higher speed than 4G networks. This fact also allows to offer more bandwidth to satisfy more demand, in addition to not producing interference with other devices.
Also, 5G mobile technology uses shorter wavelengths, which translates into smaller antennas, but in greater numbers. This also makes it possible to supply many more devices than 4G could.
Another of the obvious differences between 4G and 5G networks is that 5G networks will be able to better process the type of data request, which, among other things, allows switching between modes of operation, that is, 5G networks will be able to switch between one mode of operation. low power and a high power one when the need for data transmission requires it.
However, the big difference between 4G networks and 5G networks is in speed. In this sense, the 5G standard is 20 times faster than 4G. The 5G mobile network offers us 20 Gb / s, in ideal settings, while 4G networks only 1 Gb / s, under the same conditions.
This will undoubtedly allow us to load a video or a web page at an incredible speed, as well as make video calls with the best possible quality and without setbacks.
While it may take a little longer for 5G technology to become fully available around the world, the truth is that where it has already been implemented, it works really great.
Although it is not yet too clear, 4G and 5G could coexist, 5G in urban areas with a high concentration of users and 4G technology in the most remote places. This could happen until 5G mobile networks are fully deployed, which could take considerable time.